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April 12th, 2021

Simla Agreement 1972 In Urdu

Mrs. Gandhi, was held in Simla from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The two countries reached an agreement on 2 July. The agreement contained elements of a previous Indian draft, but the text was significantly amended. In particular, the ceasefire line clause in Kashmir has been reformulated to make it acceptable to Pakistan. The Simla Agreement was signed on 3 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan. [2] This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971. [3] Simla Agreement on Bilateral Relations between India and Pakistan, signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Z.A. Bhutto, on 2 July 1972 in Simla.

The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India. That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries were willing to engage in dialogue through press releases and discussions began. Finally, it was agreed that talks between Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi would begin on 28 June 1972. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016.

On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main elements of the Simla agreement are: the summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The Simla Agreement Conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.”

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